Ireland has a very limited number of reptile and amphibian species. Excluding marine species, there are two reptiles, one of which is an introduced non-native, and there are three amphibians. The climate is too cold for most reptiles, and our island location on the western edge of Europe prevented more amphibians from colonising.
The following species are recorded in Ireland:
- Common frog, Rana temporaria
- Natterjack toad, Epidalea calamita
- Smooth newt, Lissotriton vulgaris
- Viviparous or Common lizard, Zootoca vivipara
- Slow-worm, Anguis fragilis (Introduced)
Of these, only the Common Frog, Smooth Newt and Common Lizard are found in Wicklow Mountains National Park.
Ireland’s native reptile and amphibians are protected under the Wildlife Acts (1976 and 2000). Under this legislation a licence is required from the National Parks and Wildlife Service to take these animals from the wild or to disturb their habitat.